It was 15 years ago this week the Maple Leafs and Montreal Canadiens took the ice at the Air Canada Centre for the first time. The game was the first NHL outing for the Buds away their spiritual home, Maple Leaf Gardens, where they had won 11 of their 13 Stanley Cups.
How the Leafs wound up in a former mail sorting facility behind Union
Station is a tale of basketball, buyouts, and, most importantly, big
money. The tale starts in 1993 with the awarding of a lucrative NBA
expansion franchise to Toronto businessman John Bitove.
"Hoop, hoop, horray!" read The Toronto Star
headline. "It's unanimous! NBA gives approval to T.O. franchise." The
27-member board of the National Basketball Association had approved a
return of pro-basketball to Canada almost 50 years after the short-lived
Toronto Huskies folded in 1947. The cost to start the new team: $125
As owner of the as-yet unnamed Toronto team, one of Bitove's first
challenges was to build an arena. The team had secured permission to
play on the floor of the massive 29,000 capacity Skydome in during the
1995 season but after that the team planned to move to an arena at the
southwest corner of Bay and Dundas, which was to be called Centre Court.
It was a good thing too: Fans in the 500 level, those closest to the
roof of the cavernous Skydome, complained they could barely see the
action on the wooden court some 70 metres below.
The $100 million Centre Court would seat 20,000 and have room for 150 corporate boxes, the team said.
Meanwhile, the Toronto Maple Leafs were bursting at the seams on Carlton Street.
Maple Leaf Gardens had provided the backdrop for the team's biggest
successes but the relatively small number of seats, lack of corporate
boxes, and the associated loss of potential revenue were becoming a
source of internal friction.
The two expansion teams that joined the National Hockey League in
2000, the Minnesota Wild and Columbus Blue Jackets, could both
comfortably accommodate 2,000 more fans than the much-loved Leafs in
newly built stadiums. The Gardens had been hastily thrown together in
just over six months in 1931 and thousands of extra seats had been
squeezed in over the decades, increasing capacity by a fifth but leaving
little remaining space.
As Mark Osbaldeston wrote in his book Unbuilt Toronto 2: More of the City That Might Have Been,
a stadium that could accommodate the soon-to-be Raptors and the Leafs
made financial sense but the Bay and Dundas site was too small to
accommodate both sports.
As a result, the Raptors bought the empty former Toronto central mail
terminal, an old art deco building at Bay and Lake Shore. On the
building's exquisite exterior, a series of 13 carvings by Louis
Temporale Sr. depicted the history of communications in Canada.
the purchase of the historic building - one of the first in the city to
incorporate international style features - and a small patch of former
railway lands, the Air Canada Centre was conceived. Canada's national
carrier purchased the naming rights to the stadium for $30 million in
1995 and the Raptors planned to break ground on the project in November
1996, but a change of ownership would put paid to that.
Founder and president John Bitove was forced to sell his stake in the
team to fellow shareholder Allan Slaight in a surprise "shotgun"
agreement, giving Slaight 79% ownership. The newly empowered Slaight was
in talks with construction tycoon and Leafs shareholder Larry Tanenbaum
about the possibility of a stadium sharing agreement.
Slaight didn't see any major obstacles "as long as everybody [kept] an open mind."
The Leafs, meanwhile, were still trying hard to lure the Raptors away
from the ACC, which the team believed would be too small for NHL
hockey. The Buds were eyeing the possibility of new stadiums at the
Exhibition grounds, near the Skydome, Varsity Stadium, and at Downsview.
Then the team did something few people saw coming.
April 17, 1997 the Leafs revealed plans to build an entirely new hockey
arena a stone's throw from the Air Canada Centre, directly above the
tracks of Union Station. The stadium would share the grand entrance of
Toronto's railway terminal on Front Street and include a tower similar
in design to one planned for the ACC.
Most importantly, the proposal did not foresee the Raptors as
neighbours. Under the Leafs' plans, the postal station would be turned
into a bus terminal and the basketball franchise moved under the same
roof as the hockey team - too bad if the Raptors were already $80
million in the hole for the ACC and were obliged to be ready for the
start of the 1999 NBA season.
As Osbaldeston wrote, the trouble was the Leafs didn't actually own
the property the team planned to build on (and over.) Union Station was
on land owned by the city and leased to the Canadian Pacific Railway and
Canadian National Railway.
The two rail companies were locked in a dispute with the city over
millions in unpaid rent. The Leafs offered to cover CPR and CNR's costs
and pay an additional $50 million on top for the land rights. There were
additional sweeteners, too.
The Leafs balked at a counter offer from the city that would have
cost the team significantly more. In a last ditch effort to reverse its
fortunes, full-page ads were printed in Toronto newspapers appealing for
It wasn't to be, however, and the team turned its focus once again to
a stadium at the Exhibition grounds that appeared to have the support
early 1998, the Leafs deked in a new direction entirely and bought the
Raptors and their unfinished Bay Street arena wholesale. The team
initially clung to the idea of a grand entrance through Union Station on
Front Street but eventually dropped that idea too.
The Air Canada Centre opened in 1999 with both the Raptors and Leafs best friends.
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